Chapter 23 - 1935
13 Balloons at Warsaw Poised for Cup Race – U. S Has Lone Entry Competing for Bennett Trophy – By Wireless to the HT – WARSAW, Saturday, September 14.
Thirteen balloons are ready to take off tomorrow from Mokotow Flying Field in the Gordon Bennett international balloon race. Poland, winner for the last two years, has three entries; Germany, three; Belgium, two; Holland, one; Switzerland, one; and the United States, one – the U.S Navy – which will be piloted by Lieutenants Howard T. Orville and Raymond Tyler. [two balloons not mentioned]
After the United States had won three straight races, the Poles triumphed in 1933 at Chicago, gaining the right to stage the 1934 race in their country. They also won that competition, and a victory tomorrow will give them permanent possession of the present cup, which was donated by the Chicago Daily News. The Germans have built a new bag especially for tomorrow’s race, which they are confident will triumph.
The winner will be the balloon landing farthest from Warsaw. Landing in the sea means disqualification, but landing in inland waters is permissible.
[Could not locate start of this race on microfiche.]
Poland Claims Balloon Trophy for Third Year - Warszawa Lands in Russia After Flight of 968 Miles; 2 Entries Still Unreported - From the Herald Tribune Bureau - Copyright, 1935, New York Tribune Inc. - WARSAW, September 18. –
With one French and one Polish balloon still unaccounted for, a decisive victory in the twenty-third Gordon Bennett International Balloon Race, which started from Warsaw on Sunday, was claimed for Poland today with the bag Warszawa, which landed near Stalingrad, Soviet Russia, after covering 968 miles. The Warszawa was piloted by Captain Anthony Janusc, with Ignace Wawazczak as navigator.
The Belgian balloon, Belgica, piloted by Ernest Demuyter, four times winner of the trophy, was conceded second place with a flight of 870 miles. Third was claimed for the Polish bag Kosciusko, piloted by Captain Frank Hynak, winner of the 1933 and 1934 races, believed to have traveled 826 miles.
If these placings are confirmed, Poland, by winning three years in succession, will be entitled to retain the present trophy.
Lieutenants Howard T. Orville and Raymond Tyler returned to Warsaw by train tonight with the balloon U S Navy, the American entry, which landed near Mozyr, White Russia, and is unofficially placed eighth of the thirteen starters, with a flight of 520 miles.
They paid warm tribute to the skill of the Polish balloonists and to the quality of their gear, which placed their balloons at a high altitude and caught a strong breeze which carried them almost due east. The less fortunate ones, including the U.S. Navy, which got on a more northerly course, drifted into adverse winds and in some cases, even were blown back. -
The above placings were not confirmed. Captain Zbigniew Burznyski, pilot of the Polsh entry Polonia won first place with a flight of 1,054 miles to Stalingrad province in Soviet Russia. The Warszawa took second place with 993 miles.
THE FOURTH CUP IS RETIRED BY POLAND!
[Auguste Piccard has been planning a huge balloon for a second trip into the stratosphere. His first was in August 1932 (which see). This balloon will be half again as large as any previous balloon ever constructed. When inflated to full capacity, the balloon will have a content of 147,804 cubic yards. It will be taller than the Cathedral of Notre Dame, which is 226 feet high at the twin towers, and wider than the cathedral's base, which has a span of 157 feet. The Belgian scientist expects to reach a record altitude of 98,400 feet (18.63 miles) nearly twice as high as his 1932 flight. With its airtight gondola of pure aluminum, the balloon will weigh more than a ton.
At the start of the ascent, the bag will contain only 1,700 cubic yards of gas. At a height of 20,000 feet this gas will have expanded to fill out the huge bag, which then will have a diameter of 197 feet. The narrow bottom of the bag will be held open by a ring to allow gas to escape, as the lessening of external pressure with increasing height will cause the gas to expand. Without this precaution, the bag would burst. Also the escape of gas gradually reduces the speed of the ascent until equilibrium is reached.
Professor Piccard and his assistant both will have parachutes. If the bag bursts, a parachute on the gondola itself, capable of checking its descent, will open. Then the men can escape through the portholes.]
[NYHT Thursday Sept 19, 1935
Classes Begin at City College -- ...a new experiment for the facilitation of gathering statistics after registration is completed is being made at the Twenty Third Street Commerce Center. The students have their cards punched after they make a selection...the registrar will place the cards in a machine...set an indicator for the information he desires and have the machine shuffle the cards and record the statistics he wants. "If we find the method successful at Twenty Third Street, it will be introduced throughout the college"…. an early computer.]